Attitudes in Regard to Sport Psychology Consultation

Attitudes in Regard to Sport Psychology Consultation


Closely related to research in the development of knowledge is the exploration of attitudes in regard to sport psychology. Attitudes are defined as feelings, thoughts, and behavior tendencies toward other people, objects, and ideas. They are learned dispositions that actively guide individuals toward specific behaviors (Pettijohn, 1989). Attitudes consist of long lasting, general evaluations of people, objects, and issues (Petty & Cacioppo, 1985). Attitudes are sometimes irrationally formed cognitively, emotionally, or behaviorally. For example, attitudes may be formed by factual or unfounded ideas from others. They may also be formed due to direct personal experiences or definite feelings with or without personal experience. The formation of attitudes may be a result of early childhood experiences resulting through direct contact, indirect contact with others, or inadvertent conditioning. Inadvertent conditioning is described as the adoption of attitudes toward people or events because they are associated with pleasant or unpleasant memories (Pettijohn, 1989).
Information and knowledge are important variables that mediate attitude- behavior consistency (Theodorakis, 1994). Theodorakis argues that attitudes can affect behavior directly, rather than intentionally. Other variables involved in the attitude-behavior consistency are personal experience, attitude importance, accessibility, confidence, and affective-cognitive consistency. Liska (1984) believes that attitude strength involves three aspects: direction, confidence, and strength. Direction involves that which was good/bad, positive/negative. Confidence is derived from self-efficacy and the ability to perform a given behavior. Strength refers to the increased behavior versus how weak was the behavior. The use of conceptually relevant social psychology theories may yield a more complete understanding of behavior. Social learning theories, such as developmental learning approach, locus of control and theoretical construct, identify ones’ generalized expectancy to perceived reinforcement as being dependent on ones’ internal control and contingent upon forces external to ones’ control (McCready & Bonita, 1985). McCready & Bonita note that sport
psychology adherence should be greatest among those who highly value one or more psychological advantages, such as stress release, goal setting, time management, discipline, and/or motivation.
Attitudes in Regard to Sport Psychology Consultation Attitudes in Regard to Sport Psychology Consultation Reviewed by mabelinter on mai 20, 2020 Rating: 5

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