Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations

Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations


The future of sport psychology has been viewed as dependent upon the development of a continuous knowledge base. Knowledge is seen to increase the understanding of factors influencing attitudes and perception. Understanding the determinants of attitudes and perceptions is the initial step in developing successful interventions to change behavior (Theodorakis, 1994). The more knowledge that is acquired about factors underlying a decision to perform a given behavior, the greater the probability of influencing that behavior becomes (Fishbein & Middlestadt, 1987). A strong knowledge base helps practitioners become better able to learn from experience and determine which rules apply when. And it enables athletes to rely on an increasing internal symbolic performance standard and devise strategies from this knowledge. Sport and exercise psychologists differ in how they view the application of knowledge into practice. There are generally three different approaches: a behavioral, a psychophysiological, and a cognitive- behavioral approach (Weinberg & Gould, 1995).
Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations Reviewed by mabelinter on mai 16, 2020 Rating: 5

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