Theories about Sport, Fitness, Physical Activity, and Society

Theories about Sport, Fitness, Physical Activity, and Society





Each author writing a textbook on sociology groups theories differently. Theories are useful tools to describe, explain and predict behavior of people and events. There are a great number of theories and theoretical paradigms, which are based on a set of fundamental assumptions about society that guides sociological thinking. However, there is great disagreement on what the important questions are in the field, as well as which theory is the best approach to use when studying sport, fitness, and physical activity. The array of currently existing theories include (see Coakley 2004 or Sage & Eitzen, 2013):
  • Functionalist Theory (asking what sports can contribute to society)
  • Conflict Theory (asking whether sports are all about money and economic
    power)
  • Critical Theory (asking how sports are involved in creating and changing
    culture and social relations)
  • Interactionist Theory (asking how people experience sports)
  • Feminist and Race Theories (asking what the connections are between
    gender, race, and sports)
    Although there are tremendous differences between the various theoretical approaches, there are also points where they overlap. These six theories will be explained and analyzed separately, but they are fluid and often have similar frameworks. However, each theory gives us a unique perspective for imagining and studying the complexity of the relationships between sport - fitness - physical activity, culture, and society.

Theories about Sport, Fitness, Physical Activity, and Society Theories about Sport, Fitness, Physical Activity, and Society Reviewed by mabelinter on mars 26, 2020 Rating: 5

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